Glaucoma Diagnostic & Treatment Centre
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Risk Factors

We recognise that the main cause of glaucoma, no matter in which form, is due to the build-up of intraocular pressure in the eyes. Below are some factors that increases one’s risk in developing glaucoma.
Research does not support that vitamin deficiency is the cause for the development of glaucoma. However, research shows that an increase intake of caffeine would increase intraocular pressure in those already suffering with glaucoma. It does not affect ordinary individuals.
It has been discovered that people with East Asian heritage are more susceptible to Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma due having more shallow anterior chamber depths. Moreover, it has been discovered that people of African descent are 3 times more likely than others to develop Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma. Women are 3 times more likely than men to develop Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma as well.
Glaucoma is most of the time a hereditary genetic disease. One’s risk of developing glaucoma increases 2 to 4 fold if either one of his or her parents have this medical condition. This is due to genetic mutations that are passed along generations.
If one has experienced injury to the eye previously, the risk of one developing glaucoma in the future is high. Damage could have been done to the optic nerves or the trabecular meshwork.
Steroid induced glaucoma, a secondary glaucoma, occurs due to the prolonged use of steroids which lead to the accumulation of pressure in the eyes.
Diabetes could severely restrict blood flow to the eyes. As such this affects the flow of fluid in and out of the eyes which could lead to a build-up in intraocular pressure, leading to glaucoma.
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